As the glaciers receded, leaving in their wake wet plains and large lakes, Paleo-Indians moved north hunting big game animals and fishing. The big game animals of the time would have included mammoths, mastodons, giant beavers and musk oxen. About 4,000 years ago many of these animals became extinct or moved further north (following the tundra left by the receding glaciers).
The early nomadic groups of Indians were later to be replaced by bands of village dwelling Indians. The Native Indians in our area were the Woodland Indians, the Winnebago, who now use their original name, the Ho Chunk. Early Oregon settlers encountered Indians camped along Badfish Creek and its tributaries.